March 8-11, 1954
In the first ever election since Pakistan’s independence, the United Front, comprised of the Awami League and the Krishak Sramik Party, wins most of the seats in the East Bengal Legislative Assembly. The Muslim League, which had earlier played a significant role in the pre-Partition politics along with the Indian Congress Party, wins only 9 of the 310 seats in the Provincial Assembly.
March – October, 1954:
The Bengali dominated United Front Government is dismissed by the Governor General of Pakistan because of apparently seditious remarks made by its Chief Minister A. K. Fazlul Huq. The Governor General imposes his direct rule in East Pakistan. Later the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan is also dissolved, and Mohammed Ali Bogra forms a government without a parliament. The Army’s Chief of Staff Ayub Khan becomes the Defense Minister.