With the support of General Mohammad Ayub Khan, President Iskander Mirza abrogates the Constitution, dismisses the Central and Provincial governments, dissolves the Assemblies, and proclaims Martial Law in the country. All meetings and demonstrations are forbidden and political parties banned. Popular politicians are either imprisoned — including Sheikh Mujib, Maulana Bhashani, and Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan (the latter a progressive leader from NWFP and a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi) — or their activities are restricted.
Within the same month, General Ayub Khan exiles Iskander Mirza to the Great Britain before assuming all powers, along with the rank of Field Marshal.
“Democracy without education is hypocrisy without limitation.” —Iskander Mirza: Proclamation on abolition of the Assemblies: Time, October 20, 1958