War Criminals: Pakistan Army

Victim of Pakistani holocaust 

During the liberation war of 1971, Pakistani occupation army led by General Yahya Khan and his colleagues in collaboration with the anti liberation forces (Jamat, Muslim League, and other Islamic fundamentalist groups) of Bangladesh killed a total of 3 million unarmed Bangalees, molested and raped about 4, 50, 000 Bangalee women and,  on the eve of the independence, murdered hundreds of leading intellectuals to spiritually cripple the nation. A crime far exceeds, in its atrocity and inhumanity, the crimes of Hitler, Melosovitch, the nazis and the fascists. The war criminals of Bangladesh liberation war were never tried and  they have never apologized for their crimes to the nation. Muktadhara,  on behalf of the Bangalees of Bangladesh, appeals to the world for the trial of those war criminals. Crimes of Pakistan occupation army in the Bangladesh liberation war of 1971:

  1. Killing of 50,000 Bangalees in Dhaka on 25 and 26 March, 1971 under the military operation code named ” operation searchlight”.

2 Ruthless massacre of 3 million unarmed Bangalees over nine months of armed occupation by Pakistani military.

  1. Senseless and wanton loots, rapes, arson and killings in Bangladeshi countryside during the course of the “sweeping operations” following the military crack down.
  2. Preplanned killings of intellectuals and professionals like doctors, engineers, civil servants, students and social workers  and burying them in mass graves over nine months occupation to spiritually cripple the Bangalees.
  3. Killing of Bangalee officers and soldiers of the units of the East Bengal Regiment (EBR), East Pakistan Rifles (EPR) and the East Pakistan Police force in the process of disarming them.
  4. Planned killing of  Bangalee civilian officers, businessmen and industrialists, or their mysterious disappearance from their homes by or at the instance of Pakistani army officers performing martial law duties.
  5. Rapes and molestation of 450,000 Bangalee women by the officers and soldiers of Pakistani occupation army as a deliberate act of  revenge, retaliation and torture.
  6. Use of thousands of Bangalee women as sex slaves and comfort girls in military camps and bunkers by the members of all ranks of Pakistani occupation army.
  7. Ethnic (Hindu) cleansing. Forced pregnancy of Hindu women and deliberate killing of Hindu males to exterminate Bangalee Hindus as a race.
  8. Massive destruction of Bangladeshi industries and institutions. Loots, extortions and forced possession of Bangladeshi assets and taking them over to Pakistan.


Skulls found in a mass grave: evidence of Pak army’s atrocities

“I curse today those devils of hell

who compelled me to run up the stairs

with my feet deep in the blood

of my parents,

float on rivers,

and make my bed in wild forests.

I curse them :

let them forever wander

with rotting bodies

hung around their emaciated necks.

I curse them :

when at the close of each day

they beg on their knees

for a piece of dry bread,

it will always stay ten feet away

from their outstretched palms.

their cup for quenching thirst

will always fill to the brim

with blood,

the blood with which they flooded

the soil of Bangla.

I curse them !”

I Curse Them: Shamsur Rahman


Top Pakistani War Criminals

General Yahya Khan

General Yahya was the president of Pakistan in 1970. He was supposed to hand the political power over to the winner of the national election of 1970: Sheikh Mujibur Rahman as his Awami league won 162 seats out of 168 seats, more than double of his west Pakistani counterpart Bhutto. Sheikh Mujib’s unprecedented victory in the general election was a crushing blow to the Panjabi military -feudal axis. So they involved in a pact known as Larkana Conspiracy to shut the Bangalees by violent massacre. In this very meeting the military macho man and the Pak feudal lord planned to implement  Shahibjada Yakub’s notorious Operation Blitz on the Bangalees. They modified the plan and rendered it more destructive ( to crush the Bangalee uprising forever) and renamed it Operation Searchlight. To implement Operation Searchlight they (Bhutto and Yahya) recruited  (as both Gen Yakub and Admiral Ahsan recommended political instead of military measures to deal with the victory of the Bangalees in general election) two of their two most extremely notorious generals: General Tikka and General Niazi.

According to the plan Yahya, since early February, 1971, secretly sent Pakistani troops to Dhaka and prepared for the final crack down. When the preparation was complete, Yahya dismissed the constituent assembly. On March 25, after giving full instruction for mass killing of the inhabitants of Dhaka, at about 11 pm that night Yahya secretly left Dhaka. He went to Dhaka airport in a private car, completely unescorted in fear of identification by the airport officials. He was scared that Indian air force may stop him in the air. But Group Captain AR Khandaker saw Yahya sneaking out of the country in the dead of the night.

Soon after Yahya’s departure, the Pakistani army crashed down Dhaka city. Their main target was to devastate the center of Bangalee political strength: student halls of Dhaka university and the top leaders and intellectuals involved in nationalist movement. They crashed the whole of Dhaka city by killing thousands of innocent civilians and poor people on the street (rickshaw pullers, homeless people, day laborers, street kids etc). The casualties were more than 50, 000. They arrested Bangabondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman from his resident and took him to Pakistan. Yahya’s officers also looked for other top leaders of Awami league specially Tajuddin Ahmed. But they could not find them as they, apprehensive of Pakistani military junta’s next move, disappeared from their residences. Their failure to capture top Awami leaguers fueled their hatred against Bangalees and they appeased their avenging impulses by killing them in multitudes.

After 25 March, the Dhaka crack down night, the devastation of Bangladesh topped the personal agenda of Yahya. He used all means at his disposal to crash down the Bangalees. The intensity of his personal hatred against Bangladesh rules out the ” liability theory” adopted by Pakistani bureaucrats and academics to ditch, resource less but politically less obliging, Bangladesh and Bangalees. Even when the victory of the Bangladesh liberation forces became obvious, in September, 1971, Yahya manipulated all his international connections to destroy Bangladesh:

1. Exhausted his connection with Kissinger/Nixon duo to get massive arms supply from the US and finally, on the eve of the victory, to demonstrate US nuclear threat to counter Bangladesh-India alliance, Yahya managed to bring US Seventh Fleet to crush the independence of Bangladesh.

2. He used his Chinese connection against Bangladesh-India alliance.

3. When Yahya finally realized his absolute defeat in the war, he used his loyal military officers to kill the Bangalee intellectuals to spiritually cripple Bangladesh for centuries. Yahya’s plan to eliminate the intellectuals further reinforces the fact that the Pakistani military junta did not want to ditch Bangladesh only, they intended the total destruction of Bangladesh and absolute extinction of the Bangalee race as reflected in Tikka’s war cry: ” I want land only, not people.”

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto


Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was the head of the Pakistan Peoples’ Party (PPP) in 1971. In the general election of 1970, Bhutto won 88 seats in West Pakistan as opposed to Mujib’s 162 seats out of 169. As per the legislation Mujib was supposed to form the government of Pakistan. According to some Pakistani high officials sources, at first president Yahya  was more inclined to hand power over to Mujib.

But Bhutto opposed Yahya’s decision. Bhutto represented the influential Panjabi civil and military bureaucrats and the  feudal lords. Pakistani military-feudal axis vehemently opposed the transference of power. They were afraid that Mujib’s democratic policies may adversely affect the existing feudal system of West Pakistan and curb the power of the top civil and military bureaucrats. So their representative Bhutto invited Yahya in the notorious Larkana meeting and together two shrewd jackals conspired to repress the Bangalees with military means and retain the political power in the hands of the West Pakistanis. This theory is plausible because such a brilliant idea is more likely to emanate from the arch machiavellian: Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Yahya is more given to kill his fellow countrymen to show off his military prowess than formulate a brilliant idea to sort all the problems together: destroy Bangladesh; keep the power in the hands of  Bhutto and him; make Niazi and the army the scapegoat of the war in order to divert the attention  of the Pakistani people. Tajuddin Ahmed was right to think that Bhutto was the deux ex machina behind the political conspiracy leading to the devastation of Bangladesh: “…..Bhutto is responsible for the unprecedented brutality unleashed nationwide. Seating with him is impossible. Pakistan can be saved only if two federations  are formed. Both the federations are to write up their separate constitutions. Then if situation permits they can write the constitution of Pakistan. In other words, confederation…….Tajuddin’s view on Bhutto as described by Rao Forman Ali.

Bhutto manipulated the military monsters (Yahya, Tikka) to secure his power and maintain his vested interest in politics. All through his political career he thrived on conspiracy and intrigues. As often the fate of such treacherous politicians  is to end up in the hands of the partners in crime, Bhutto was justified to be hanged by his own Frankenstein: General Ziaul Huq

Iskandar Harappa

Reborn Alexander’s, would be Olympic champions must conform to the most stringent of training routines. So after he left Pinkie Aurangzeb, Isky Harappa also vowed to eschew every thing else that could erode his spirit. His daughter Arjumand ( virgin ironpants) would always remember that that was when he gave up stud poker, chemin-de-fer, private roulette evenings, horse-race fixing, French food, opium and sleeping pills; when he broke his habit of seeking out beneath silver-heavy banqueting tables the excited ankles and compliant knees of society beauties, and when he stopped visiting the whores whom he had been fond of photographing with an eight mm Paillard Bolex movie camera while they performed, singly or in threes, upon his own person or that of Omar Khayyam, their musky languid rites. it was the beginning of that legendary political career which would culminate in his victory over death itself. These first triumphs, being merely victories over himself, were necessarily smaller. He expunged from his public, urban vocabulary his encyclopedic repertoire of foul green village oaths, imprecations which could detach brim-full cut-glass tumblers from men’s hands and shatter them before they reached the floor. (But when campaigning in the villages he allowed the air to turn green with obscenity once again, understanding the vote-getting powers of the filth.) He stifled for ever the high-pitched giggle of his unreliable playboy self and substituted a rich, full-throated, statesmanlike guffaw. He gave up fooling around with the women servants in his city home.

Did any man ever sacrificed more for his people? He gave up cock-fights, bear-fights, snake-and-mongoose duels; plus disco dancing, and his monthly evenings at the home of the chief film censor, where he had watched special compilations of the juiciest bits excised from incoming foreign films.

He toured the villages and promised every peasant one acre of land and a new water-well. He was put in jail; huge demonstrations secured his release. He screamed in regional dialects about the rape of the country by fat cats and tilyars, and such was the power of his tongue, or perhaps of the sartorial talents of Monsieur Cardin, that nobody seemed to recall Isky’s own status as a landlord of a distinctly obese chunk of Sind….

Salman Rushdie: Shame

General Tikka Khan

On 11 April 1971, Yahya appointed his loyal general Tikka Khan as the  Governor General and the Chief Martial Law administrator of Bangladesh and as such he was the highest authority on both civil and military administrations. The Pakistani military junta was confident about Tikka’s ability in violent repression of Bangalee nationalist movement. Tikka Khan proved his ability as a formidable machine for massacre by killing thousands of Bangalees on 25 March, 1971. Tikka unleashed such a terrible reign of terror that even the blockheaded General Niazi, a soldier himself, was critical of his Tikka’s ruthless massacre of the unarmed civilians of Bangladesh:

“General Tikka let loose every thing at his disposal as if raiding an enemy and not dealing  with his own misguided and misled people. The military action was a display of stark cruelty, more merciless than the massacre at Bakhura and Baghdad by Changez Khan and Halaku Khan and at Jalianwala Bagh by British General Dyer”

” ….On the night (25 March, 1971) Tikka Khan ordered for action, 50, 000 people were killed”.

Niazi: Betrayal of East Pakistan

Brigadier Shah Abdul Quasim on the massacre of 25th March: “no pitched battle was fought on the 25th of March in Dhaka. Excessive force was used on that night. Army personnel acted under the influence of revenge and anger during the military operation…. mortars were used to blast two Residence Halls, thus causing excessive casualties.”

Massacre in Comilla Cantonment: On 27th/28th of March, 1971) under the orders of CO 53 Field Regiment, Lt. Gen. Yakub Malik, 17 Bangalee officers and 915 men were  slain. There was a general feeling of hatred against Bangalees amongst the soldiers and officers including Generals of Pakistan army. There were verbal instructions to eliminate Hindus. In Salda Nadi area about 500 persons were killed.

Excerpts from the book written by Mohammad Ashraf, Additional Deputy Commissioner, Dhaka in 1971, : “after the military action the Bangalees were made aliens in their own homeland. The life, property, and honor of even the most highly placed among them were not safe. People were picked up from their homes on suspicion and dispatched toBangladesh, a term used to describe summary executions. …. The victims included Army and Police Officers, businessmen, civilian officers etc. ……There was no Rule of Law in East Pakistan. A man had no remedy if he was on the wanted list of the army…. Army officers who were doing intelligence were raw hands, ignorant of the local language and callous of Bangalee sensibilities.”

General Niazi

General AAK Niazi (PA-477) was the chief of Eastern Command in 1971. The Yahya- Bhutto gang picked Niazi for this special mission as he was notoriously corrupted and immoral and was dumb enough to be their  scapegoat in the war. In Pakistan Niazi was involved in business with the patrons of brothels and influential business women. He was also involved in smuggling pans from East Pakistan. He found his posting as the chief of Eastern Command as a lucrative one and was certainly puffed up as, due to this promotion, he stepped ahead 12 of his senior officers.

Niazi was a soldier and as such he fought a conventional war against  Bangladeshi freedom fighters and Indian alliance forces. He was too dull to conceive the ignoble scheme to kill the intellectuals. But as he was a corrupted officer he concentrated more on looting and rapes. He made fortunes for himself and encouraged his under commands in the occupation army to loot and rape as pointed out by Mr Alamder Raja, the last commissioner of Pakistan: “……It is said that the people of West Pakistan were unaware of the terrible devastation inflicted on the Bangalees by the Pakistani occupation army. It was a sheer government propaganda. Did not we have radios those days? Before the war, Punjabi soldiers used to send  Tk 200-300 per month to their families. But in 1971, they sent about Tk 500-600 per month. Where did they get the additional money ?…..”     ,

About rapes, Mr. Raja gave an example of the brutality of the Pakistani soldiers: “…….A band of Pakistani occupation army attacked a house and killed one but all the members of the family. The only young girl of the family was kept alive for rape. The girl begged for mercy; frightened to death she cried out and said is a Muslim woman and the soldiers are also Muslim. How come Muslim men can rape a Muslim woman? …..At last, as a last resort, she put the holy Koran on the bed, next to her and said, they have to step on the Koran to rape her. The bastards kicked the Koran out of the bed and group raped her….”

Loots and rapes were so rampant that Niazi, in one of his confidential memo,  mentioned that the departing West Pakistani families were carrying looted properties with them to Pakistan. Rapes and forced pregnancy to eliminate the Hindus as a race was so wide spread that Niazi had to officially warn his officers: ….” I gather that even officers have been suspected of indulging in this shameful activity and what is worse, that in spite of repeated instructions, comdos. have so far failed to curb this alarming state of indiscipline. I suspect that cos and osc units/sub-units are protecting and shielding such criminals…”.

Lt Col Aziz Ahmed Khan, CO of 8 Baluch regiment (CO 86 Mujahid Battalion in 1971) , confessed that Niazi personally encouraged ethnic cleansing:  “Brigadier Arbbab also told me to destroy all houses in Joydebpur. To a great extent I executed this order. General Niazi visited my unit at Thakargaon and Bogra. He asked us how many Hindus we had killed. In May, there was an order in writing to kill Hindus. This order was from Brigadier Abdullah Malik of 23 Brigade.”

The notorious killer, loafer, looter and rapist of 1971, rascal Niazi now, in order to evade trial, puts on the mask of a pious Muslim.  Who would believe that the old buffoon in showy Islamic attire in the photo below was the main culprit behind the loots, rapes, arsons and massacres of the Bangalees in 1971?

Niazi the hypocrite bastard in 2000

Major General Rao Forman Ali


Major General Rao Forman Ali (PA-1364) was the chief adviser to the Governer of East Pakistan during the liberation war. Unlike Yahya, whose only known method for all transactions was  application of brutal military force, Rao was aware of the reality leading to the war and the possible impact of the war on Bangladesh and Bangalees. He served in Dhaka cantonment for more than a decade and was involved in  intelligence gathering,  making strategic decisions and formulating policies. He was also involved in buying Bangalee politicians to subvert nationalist movements.  He was the mastermind behind the massacre of 1971 as he, being in charge of the civil administration, knew about Bangladesh more than his peers. It was Forman who blueprinted the elimination of the secular minded Bangalee intellectuals. He was more of a cold blooded murderer than the haughty Yahya or bloodthirsty Tikka. His trained killers were more ruthless than the professional soldiers. Forman ran training programs in various cantonments for the forces of Al-Badr and Al-Shams to train them to torture, mutilate and slaughter the captive Bangalees’ in Islamic manner.

In his book The Betrayal of East Pakistan, General Niazi described Forman as an opportunist, a conspirator and a swindler. Niazi also said, implicating Forman’s involvement in the killing of the intellectuals, that Forman requested him (N) to send him (F) back to Pakistan, for, ” Mukti Bahini would kill him of his alleged massacre of the Bangalees and intellectuals on the night of 15-16 December. It was a pathetic sight to see him pale and almost on the verge of break down”.

Presently Forman is writing books in order to convince the world about his ignorance of independence war of Bangladesh and to clear his name off the  massacre, loot, rape and arson during the war. In his book Forman, through his subtle language and ostensibly innocent representation, pleads his innocence during the war and his ignorance of the war situation (although he was in charge of the civil administration and the chief adviser to the chief martial law administrator of Pakistan !).

Evidences against Forman’s involvement in the massacre of the Bangalees and the killings of the intellectuals:

1. When asked about Forman’s refusal to admit his involvement in the killing of the intellectuals Brigader Sidddiqui, another senior military officer during the war, said:……” He (Forman) was the major general in charge of civil administration. As such nothing would happen which he would not know. Forman is the man who should about the killing of the intellectuals. I never trusted him. He always wore a mask…”.

2. In The Separation of East Pakistan, Mr Hasan Zahir, a Pakistani civil servant wrote: ” Major General Forman Ali was the executioner of Dhaka part of ” Operation Searchlight”. He succedded in ‘shock action’ by concentrated and indiscriminate firing on target areas…….”

3.  Siddiq Salik in his book,  Witness to Surrender ( p.71), wrote: ….”The plan for operation Searchlight-1 visualized the setting up of two headquarters. Major General Forman with 57 Brigade under Brigadier Arbab, was responsible for operations in Dacca city and its suburbs while Major General Khadim was to look after the rest of the province. In addition lieutenant General Tikka Khan and his staff were to spend the night at the Martial Law Headquarters in the Second Capital to watch the progress of action in and outside Dacca……”

4. According to Mr Altaf Gaohar, a leading Pakistani journalist, Forman was the mastermind behind the killing of the intellectuals. In this connection Mr Gaohar recounted an incident from his memory. One of Gaohar’s  friends told him that a hit list had been drawn up for elimination of certain Bangalees. A friend of his was also in the list and he requested Gaohar if he could do something to save his friend. Gaohar then took the matter to one of his friends who was also common friend of Forman. Gaohar’s friend then saw Forman and requested him to drop the name from his hit list. ” Forman brought, said Gaohar’s friend, a diary out of his drawer and crossed the name out. The name was of Mr Sanaul Huq and he was spared.” After independence Forman’s diary was recovered from the ruins of the Governor’s house. The copy of a page from the diary shows the list of intellectuals from Dhaka University. 14 of them were killed on 14 December, 1971:

5. A close reading of Forman’s book in self defense, How Pakistan Got Divided, shows that Forman had deeply ingrained prejudice against the Bangalees. Like Hitler, Forman the ignorant fool, suffers from the purity complex. He believes that due to the Hindu influence Bangalees are not pure Muslims. But the rascal forgot that it was due to the Bangalee majority that made for Pakistan. It was people, not bloody military, who made Pakistan. Forman firmly believed that the impurities of the Bangalees can be  mended if they are absolved of the Hindu influence. This was the conviction that motivated Forman to ruthlessly eliminate the Bangalee intellectuals. Behind all elements of Bangalee nationalism Forman discovered Hindu phantasm. He was less critical of Sheikh Mujib but an arch enemy of Tajuddin Ahmed. If arrested Forman, as his comment on Tajuddin testifies, would not have spared Tajuddin: …..” Tajuddin, the die hard pro Indian Awami leaguer, came in and sat down. He hated West Pakistan and perhaps Pakistan itself. He was reputed to have been a Hindu up to the age of 8. I do not think this story was correct but it revealed his mental make up”.

6. The group photo with Golam Azam and puppet governor Malek below shows that Forman is discussing the plan for elimination of the Bangalee intellectuals. Golam Azamm and Forman is alleged to have jointly prepared the list of names of Bangalee intellectuals for elimination to absolve Bangalees  of Hindu influences.

7. Excerpt from the report on the excavation of Jalladkhan mass grave carried out by Bangladesh Liberation War Museum (LWM). The excerpt underscores the extreme brutalities showed by Forman’s special forces in torturing and killing the Bangalees:

..”The Jalladkhan (slaughter house) located also in Mirpur (Section 10 Block D)…….. selected for immediate excavation and exhuming of remains of the martyrs of 1971. ……….The excavation began on  November 15 1999 and the exhuming ended on  23 November with the recovery of 70 skulls and 5392 various human bones. Most of the skulls revealed sign of being severed from the shoulder with a sharp weapon and some bore marks of being struck by heavy weapon and one had a bullet hole shot from a close range. Other bones also showed signs of being hit by a heavy weapon…..”

The old fox (Rao Forman Ali) in 2000

Please also visit Collaborators and Martyred Intellectuals page for details of Rao Forman Ali’s war crimes

Maj Gen Khadim Hussain Raja 
Major General Ansari (PA-4404)
Brig Manzoor Hussain Atif (PA-3547)
Colonel Yakub Malik (PA-3837)
Lt Colonel Shams-uz-Zaman (PA-4745)
Major Mohd Abdullah Khan (PTC-5911)
Major Khurshid Omar (PA-4553)
Captain Abdul Wahid (PSS-8464)
Click here for  War Criminals II: Razakars
Shame: Salman Rushdie

“….about the issue of Time magazine (or was in Newsweek?) which never got into the country because it carried an article about President Ayub Khan’s alleged Swiss bank account; or about the bandits on the trunk roads who are condemned for doing, as private enterprise, what the govt does as public policy; or about genocide in Baluchistan; or about the recent preferential awards of State Scholarships, to pay for postgraduate studies abroad, to members of the fanatical Jamaat party; or about the extra hangings-the first for twenty years- that were ordered purely to legitimize the execution of Mr. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto; or about why Bhutto’s hangman has vanished into thin air, just like many street-urchins who are being stolen every day in broad daylight; or abut anti-Semitism, an interesting phenomenon, under whose influence people who have never met a Jew vilify all Jews for the sake of maintaining solidarity with the Arab states which offer Pakistan workers, these days, employment and much-needed foreign exchange; or about smuggling, the boom in heroin exports, military dictators, venal civilians, corrupt civil servants, bought judges, newspapers of whose stories the only thing can confidently be said is that they are lies; or about the apportioning of the national budged, with special reference to the percentage set aside for defense (huge) and for education (not huge).

List of top 200 Pakistani War Criminals

POW No. PA No. Rank Name Unit Remarks
1. 1 PA-477 Lt./Gen Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi East Comd. They planned and/or executed the plan to commit genocide, war crimes and crime against humanity in Bangladesh during the war of liberaiton.
2. 2 PA-1170 Maj/Gen Nazar Hussain Shah 16 Div. -do-
3. 3 PA-4404 Maj/Gen Mohammad Hussain Ansari 9 Div. -do-
4. 4 PA-882 Maj/Gen Mhammad Jamshed DGEPCAF -do-
5. 5 PA-1734 Maj/Gen Qazi Abdul Majid Khan 14 Div -do-
6. 6 PA-1364 Maj/Gen Rao Farman Ali Khan Maj. Gen. Civil Affairs & Adviser to Governor, E.P. -do-
7. 7 PA-1674 Brig. Abdul Qadir Khan 93 BDE -do-
8. 8 PA-2235 Brig. Arif Raja HQ SIG -do-
9. 9 PA-1109 Brig. Atta Muhammad Khan Malik 7 BDE -do-
10. 11 PA-1897 Brig. Bashir Ahmed CAF -do-
11. 12 PA-100088 Brig. Fahim Ahmed Khan HQ EC -do-
12. 13 PA-1738 Brig. Iftikhar Ahmed Rana 313 BDE -do-
13. 16 PA-3414 Brig. Manzoor Ahmed 57 HQ BDE -do-
14. 17 PA-3547 Brig. Manzoor Hussain Atif 117 BDE -do-
15. 18 PA-2111 Brig. Mian Mansoor Muhammad 39 Div -do-
16. 19 PA-1148 Brig. Mian Taskin Uddin 91 BDE -do-
17. 20 PA-2729 Brig. Mir Abdul Nayeem 34 HQ BDE -do-
18. 22 PA-1999 Brig. Mohd. Aslam 53 BDE -do-
19. 23 PA-2103 Brig. Mohd. Hayat 107/407 BDE -do-
20. 24 PA-1044 Brig. Mohd. Shafi 23 HQ BDE -do-
21. 25. PA-1702 Brig. N. A. Ashraf CMD Natore GRN -do-
22. 26 PA-3430 Brig. S. A. Ansari Rangpur GRN -do-
23. 27 PA-3548 Brig. Saad Ullah Khan S. J. 27 BDE -do-
24. 28 PA-1880 Brig. Syed Asghar Hasan Sylhet force -do-
25. 29 PA-2110 Brig. Syed Shah Abul Qasim C.C.ATY ECO -do-
26. 30 PA-2130 Brig. Tajmmal Hussain Malik 205 HQ BDE -do-
27. 35 PA-1817 Col. Fazle Hamid 314 HQ BDE -do-
28. 37 PA-3799 Col. K. K. Afridi 9 Div -do-
29. 44 PA-1963 Col. Mohd. Khan ISI -do-
30. 45 PA-100115 Col. Mohammad Musharaf Ali 14 ADMS Div -do-
31. 58 PA-2200 Lt/Col. Abdul Ghaffor HQ SIGEA -do-
32. 67 PA-4489 Lt/Col. Aftab H. Quereshi 33 Baluch -do-
33. 57 PA-3568 Lt/Col. Abdul Rehman Awan CAF -do-
34. 60 PA-3347 Lt/Col. Abdul Hamid Khan ML HQ -do-
35. 65 PA-4087 Lt/Col. Abdullah Khan EPCAF -do-
36. 68 PTC-4318 Lt/Col. Ahmed Mukhtar Khan 30 FF -do-
37. 72 PA-4062 Lt/Col. Amir Mohd. Khan 7 SEC ML -do-
38. 74 PTC-4329 Lt/Col. Amir Nawaz Khan 13 FF -do-
39. 73 PA-5027 Lt/Col. Amir Mohd. Khan 34 Punjab -do-
40. 55 PA-4745 Lt/Col. A. Shams ul Zaman 22 FF -do-
41. 78 PA-4608 Lt/Col. Ashiq Hussain 24 FF -do-
42. 81 PA-3248 Lt/Col. Aziz Khan 32 Baluch -do-
43. 202 PTC-3239 Lt/Col. Ghulam Yasin Siddiqi ST HQ Dacca AA & QMG -do-
44. 97 PTC-3711 Lt/Col. Isharat Ali Alavi 14 HQ Inf. Div -do-
45. 167 PA-4441 Lt/Col. Mukhtar Alam Hijazi EPCAF -do-
46. 170 PA-3600 Lt/Col. Mustafa Anwar 15 Baluch -do-
47. 116 PA-4100 Lt/Col. M.R.K. Mirza 33 Punjab -do-
48. 128 PA-4301 Lt/Col. Matloob Hussain 18 Punjab -do-
49. 140 PA-2700 Lt/Col. Mohammad Akram Tochi Scout -do-
50. 152 PSS-2590 Lt/Col. Mohd. Akbar EPCAF -do-
51. 147 PTC-3645 Lt/Col. Mohammad Nawaz 15 Baluch -do-
52. 169 PA-4766 Lt/Col. Mumtaz Malik HQ East Comd -do-
53. 138 PA-4416 Lt/Col. M.M.M. Baiz 8 Baluch -do-
54. 48 PA-100207 Col. Mohd. Matin 72 ADMS MED BN -do-
55. 129 PA-2917 Lt/Col. Mazhar Hussain Chauhan ISSC -do-
56. 168 PA-3610 Lt/Col. Mukhtar Ahmed Sayed HQ MLA Cav -do-
57. 171 PSS-2899 Lt/Col. Mustafajan HQ MLA Zone -do-
58. 175 PA-2821 Lt/Col. Oman Ali Khan Survey Sec -do-
59. 180 PA-5074 Lt/Col. Reaz Hussain Javed 31 Punjab -do-
60. 178 PA-4550 Lt/Col. Rashid Ahmed HQ EPCAF -do-
61. 196 PA-4817 Lt/Col. Seikh Mohd. Naeem 39 Baluch -do-
62. 192 PA-3932 Lt/Col. Sarfraz Khan Malik 31 Punjab -do-
63. 181 PA-4920 Lt/Col. S.F.H. Rizvi 32 Punjab -do-
64. 182 PA-4560 Lt/Col. S.H. Bokhari 29 CAV. -do-
65. 205 PA-4368 Lt/Col. Syed Hamid Shafi DEF Purchase -do-
66. 201 PA-3817 Lt/Col. Sultan Badshah 8 EPCAF -do-
67. 200 PA-5178 Lt/Col. Sultan Ahmed 31 Baluch -do-
68. 199 PA-4518 Lt/Col. S.R.H.S. Jaffari HQ SIG EA -do-
69. 216 PSS-3743 Lt/Col. Zaid Agha Khan HQ EF LOG They committed genocide, war crimes and crime against humanity in Bangladesh during the War of Liberation in violation of laws of War, customs and usages.
70. 122 PA-3837 Lt/Col. M.Y. Malik 14 HQ Div -do-
71. 231 PA-7059 Major Abdul Ghafran East Comd. -do-
72. 284 PA-5640 Major Anis Ahmed 205 HQ Inf. BDE -do-
73. 290 PA-7214 Major Arif Javed 22 CAV -do-
74. 304 PA-6736 Major Atta Mohd. 29 Baluch -do-
75. 233 PSS-8394 Major Abdul Hamid 31 Punjab -do-
76. 301 PA-7299 Major A.S.P. Quereshi 25 Punjab -do-
77. 294 PA-7530 Major Ashfaq Ahmed Cheema 39 Baluch -do-
78. 241 PSS-8547 Major Abdul Khaleq Kayani 6 Punjab -do-
79. 256 PTC-4664 Major Abdul Waheed Mughal 22 Baluch -do-
80. 235 PA-3838 Major Abdul Hamid Khattak ML HQ -do-
81. 262 PA-7251 Major Ahmed Hassan Khan EPCAF -do-
82. 283 PRR-4438 Major Anees Ahmed Khan 15 Baluch -do-
83. 255 PA-4990 Major Abdul Waheed Khan 31 Baluch -do-
84. 320 PA-5868 Major Ch. Mohd. Jahangir HQ MLA ZB -do-
85. 348 PA-4122 Major Ghulam Mohd. 2 Baluch -do-
86. 358 PTC-4390 Major Gulam Ahmed EPCAF -do-
87. 344 PA-7439 Major Ghazanfar Ali Nasir EPCAF -do-
88. 363 PA-6959 Major Hadi Hussain 24 FF -do-
89. 367 PA-6646 Major Hasan Mujtaba 8 Baluch -do-
90. 376 PTC-5733 Major Iftikhar Uddin Ahmed 33 Baluch -do-
91. 374 PA-6729 Major Iftikhar Ahmed 8 Punjab -do-
92. 712 PA-5250 Major Shah Muhamad Osman Faruqi 7 Sig. BN -do-
93. 419 PA-4553 Major Khursheed Oman 814 FIU -do-
94. 423 PTC-3947 Major Khurshid Ali Survey Sec. -do-
95. 414 PA-7576 Major Khizar Hayat 4 FF -do-
96. 485 PA-7657 Major Mehr Mohd Khan 31 Baluch -do-
97. 431 PTC-5911 Major M. Abdullah Khan 27 BDE -do-
98. 533 PA-7253 Major Mohd. Afzal 8 Baluch -do-
99. 441 PA-7405 Major M. Ishaq EPCAF -do-
100. 553 PTC-3246 Major Mohd. Hafiz Raja 34 Punjab -do-
101. 595 PA-6870 Major Mohd. Younas 32 Punjab -do-
102. 504 PA-6793 Major Mohd. Amin 107 HQ BDE -do-
103. 481 PS-3935?


Major Mohd. Lodhi Natore Gar. -do-
104. 493 PA-6554 Major Mirza Anwar Beg 88 ORD COY -do-
105. 428 PTC-4157 Major M.A. K. Lodhi 16 HQ Div -do-
106. 459 PSS-4245 Major Madad Hussain Shah 18 Punjab -do-
107. 544 PTC-3007 Major Mohd. Ayub Khan 97 BDE -do-
108. 586 PSS-6110 Major Mohd. Sharif Arain 33 Punjab -do-
109. 555 PA-5964 Major Mohd. Iftikhar Khan 202 HQ BDE -do-
110. 455 PA-2818 Major M. Yahiya Hamid Khan 6 Punjab -do-
111. 592 PSS-6150 Major Mohd. Yamin ASC -do-
112. 527 PA-5141 Major Mohd. Ghazanfar ISSC -do-
113. 583 PA-7231 Major Mohd. Sarwar 33 Punjab -do-
114. 579 PTC-3016 Major Mohd. Siddique 205 HQ Inf BDE -do-
115. 543 PSS-6092 Major Mohd. Ashraf HQ EPCAF -do-
116. 506 PSS-4634 Major Mohd. Ashraf Khan 53 HQ BDE -do-
117. 604 PA-5312 Major Mohammad Safdar ISSC -do-
118. 496 PA-6067 Major M.M. Ispahani HQ Eastern Cmd -do-
119. 562 PA-6440 Major Mohd. Jamil EPCAF -do-
120. 580 PA-7559 Major Mohd. Safi 32 Punjab -do-
121. 547 PSS-4320 Major Mohd. Azim Qureshi Qures ISSC -do-
122. 525 PA-6460 Major Mohd. Zulficar Rathore 13 Engr. BN -do-
123. 615 PA-5962 Major Mushtaq Ahmed Det 630 ASC -do-
124. 634 PSS-7996 Major Nasira Khan 26 FF -do-
125. 632 PA-4748 Major Nasir Ahmed 409 GHQ FIU -do-
126. 654 PTC-4632 Major Rana Zahoor Mohyydin Khan 18 Punjab -do-
127. 666 PA-8655 Major Rifat Mahmood 31 FD Regt. -do-
128. 667 PSS-6148 Major Rustam Ali 314 HQ Bde -do-
129. 651 ACO-390 Major R. M. Mumtaz Khan 31 Baluch -do-
130. 702 PA-6063 Major Sardar Khan HQ MLA -do-
131. 510 ACO-2099 Major Mohammad Azam Khan 12 A.K. -do-
132. 686 PRR-3389 Major Saif Ullah Khan ISSC -do-
133. 674 PA-6893 Major S.T. Hussain 734 FIC -do-
134. 730 PSS-4224 Major S.M.H.S. Bokhari 24 FF -do-
135. 689 PSS-8015 Major Sajid Mahmud 32 Punjab -do-
136. 723 PA-7415 Major Sher ur Rehman 29 CAV -do-
137. 695 PTC-5930 Major Salamat Ali EPCAF -do-
138. 690 PA-6858 Major Sajjad Akhtar Malik ISI -do-
139. 698 PA-5684 Major Saleem Inayet Khan 57 HQ MLZB -do-
140. 735 PA-7289 Major Sultan Saud EPCAF -do-
141. 705 PA-6542 Major Sarfraz Uddin ISI -do-
142. 720 PA-5080 Major Shaukatullah Khattak 36 Sig. BN -do-
143. 737 PA-7428 Major Sultan Surkhro Awan 33 Punjab -do-
144. 704 PA-7076 Major Sarfraz Alam EPCAF -do-
145. 706 PA-6851 Major Sarwar Khan Tochi Scout -do-
146. 756 PA-6272 Major Tafair ul Islam HQ Natore -do-
147. 785 PSS-8124 Major Zaumul Maluk 18 Punjab -do-
148. 806 PSS-8464 Captain Abdul Waheed 30 FF -do-
149. 817 PA-10202 Captain Aftab Ahmad 31 Baluch -do-
150. 858 PSS-8836 Captain Arif Hussain Shah ARTY EIZI EMD -do-
151. 815 PSS-9634 Captain Abrar Hussain 30 FF -do-
152. 853 PSS-9959 Captain Amjad Shabbir Bukhari 31 FD Regt. ARTY -do-
153. 876 PA-10129 Captain Ausaf Ahmed 53 Fd. Regt. -do-
154. 75089 PA-10185 Captain Abdul Qahar EPCAF -do-
155. 869 PA-10985 Captain Ashraf Mirza 12 AK INF BN -do-
156. 802 PSS-9904 Captain Abdul Rashid Nayyar 19 Sig BN -do-
157. 849 PSS-8005 Captain Aman Ullah HQ Natore GR -do-
158. 882 PSS-9363 Captain Aziz Ahmed 31 FD Regt. -do-
159. 221 PSS-9440 Captain Gulfraz Khan Abbasi 22 FF -do-
160. 951 PSS-8144 Captain Ikramul Haq 20 CAV -do-
161. 947 PA-10241 Captain Ijaz Ahmed Cheema ISI -do-
162. 941 8867 Captain Iftikhar Ahmed Gondal 31 Punjab -do-
163. 964 PSS-8821 Captain Ishaq Parvez 24 FF -do-
164. 960 PSS-9614 Captain Iqbal Shah 29 CAV -do-
165. 976 PSS-6910 Captain Javed Iqbal 33 Baluch -do-
166. 972 PSS-9765 Captain Jahangir Koyani RFT CAMP -do-
167. 985 PA-7838 Captain Karam Khan 315 HQ BDE -do-
168. 1047 PA-11554 Captain Manzar Amin 25 FF -do-
169. 1255 PSS-9387 Captain Muzaffar Hussain Naqvi 18 Punjab -do-
170. 1178 PA-11551 Captain Mohd. Sajjad 80 Fd. Regt. -do-
171. 1201 PSS-8820 Captain Mohd. Zakir Raja

(Muhammad Zakar Khan, Arty)

ISSC -do-
172. 1126 PA-7862 Captain Mohd. Arif 14 HQ Div -do-
173. 1131 PSS-9018 Captain Mohd. Ashraf 12 Punjab -do-
174. 1149 PSS-8977 Captain Mohd. Iqbal 12 Punjab -do-
175. 1096 PSS-9927 Captain Mohd. Rafi Munir 18 Punjab -do-
176. 1159 PSS-10287 Captain Mohd. Jamill 6 Punjab -do-
177. 1238 PSS-9077 Captain Naeem Sadiq 409 HQ FIU -do-
178. 1351 PSS-9454 Captain Sher Ali 39 Baluch -do-
179. 1322 PSS-8093 Captain Salman Mahmood 26 FF -do-
180. 1325 PA-11009 Captain Samshed Sarwar RFN CAMP -do-
181. 1343 PSS-7745 Captain Shahid Rehman 29 CAV -do-
182. 1321 PSS-10431 Captain Saleh Hussain 18 Punjab -do-
183. 1350 PSS-9508 Captain Shaukat Nawaz Khan 6 Punjab -do-
184. 1396 PA-7898 Captain Zahid Zaman 53 HQ BDE -do-
185. 1505 PSS-11843 Lieutenant Munir Ahmed Butt 31 Baluch Regt. -do-
186. 15532 PSS-12191 Lieutenant Zafar Jang 38 FF -do-
187. 641 PSS-6127 Major Nisar Ahmad Khan Sherwani 32 Punjab Responsible for man killing, loot, arson
188. 338 PSS-8534 Major Fayaz Muhammad 29 Baluch -do-
189. 487 PA-4992 Major Mian Fakhruddin 91 HQ Inf. Bde. -do-
190. 924 PSS-8880 Captain Hidayat Ullah Khan 29 Baluch -do-
191. 1102 PSS-10828 Captain Md. Siddique 27 Sig. BN -do-
192. 993 10147 Captain Khalil ur Rahman COD, Dacca -do-
193. 628 PA-6726 Major Nadir Parvaiz Khan 6 Punjab -do-
194. 934 PSS-10384 Captain Hassan Idris EPCAF -do-

Pakistan Air Force

195. 65483 P-953 Air Cdre Inam ul Hoque Khan PF Dacca -do-
196. 65484 PAF-1069 Gr. Cpt. M.A. Majid Baig PF Dacca -do-
197. 65510 PAK-5332 Ft/Lt. Khalil Ahmed PAF -do-

Pakistan Navy

198. 71755 P-138 Rear Adm Mohamed Shariff   -do-
199. 71756 PN-108 Cmdre Ikramul Haq Malik Port Trust -do-
200. 71757 219 Cmdre Khatib Masud Hussain Base Comd. -do-


1. Liberation Museum
2. Killers and Collaborators of 1971: An Account of Their Whereabouts, compiled and published by the Center for the Development of the Spirit of the Liberation War
Commission on War Criminals of Bangladesh
3. Saiduzzaman Raushan: Speeches and Statements of Killers & Collaborators of 1971
4. Air Marshal M Asghar Khan: Generals in Politics
5. Maj Gen Tozammal Hussain Malik: The Story of My Struggle
6. Maj Gen Rao Forman Ali Khan: How Pakistan Got Divided
7. Maj Gen Fazal Muqueem Khan: Pakistan’s Crisis in Leadership
8. AAK Niazi: The Betrayal of East Pakistan
9. The Hamoodur Rahman Commission Report
10.Muntassir Mamoon: Liberation War: In the Eyes of the Defeated Generals of Pakistan
11. Shahriar Kabir: Tormenting 71